Self-Other Reported Practices of Instructional Leaders’ to Implement and Supervise Curriculum in Secondary Schools


  • Irfan Bashir
  • Bushra Mumtaz faisalabad
  • Fariha Gul UMT, Lahore


Instructional Leadership, self-other reported practices, curriculum supervisor and implantation, secondary schools


Principals as instructional leaders plays very important role in developing school learning environment and culture. They carry out the vision and mission of the school. They just do not only maintain school budgets but their prime responsibility is to observe teachers teaching, to check their lesson plans, gives feedback. They are also responsible to provide teachers good working environment. There may be certain differences between leaders’ self-reported practices and opinion of the teachers. The study tried to identify the common leadership practices to implement and supervise curriculum and differences of opinion about Practices of Instructional Leaders’ to Implement and Supervise Curriculum in Secondary schools. The study selected 30 principals and 63 teachers as sample using random sampling technique. Researches developed a closed ended questionnaire using literature review and work of Hallinger. The alpha reliability of the tool was .908 for leaders and .965 for teachers.  Study showed certain differences among both stake holders, and suggested some future recommendation.


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How to Cite

Bashir, I., Mumtaz, B., & Gul, F. (2022). Self-Other Reported Practices of Instructional Leaders’ to Implement and Supervise Curriculum in Secondary Schools. Competitive Education Research Journal, 3(2), 332–343. Retrieved from