Investigating the Efficacy of Lecture and Demonstration Methods on Teaching of Science at Elementary Level in Azad Jammu and Kashmir


  • Saba Liaquat Kayani AIOU, Islamabad
  • Aabida Lateef AIOU, Islamabad
  • Faisal Ishaque AIOU, Islamabad
  • Ghulam Rabi AIOU, Islamabad


Demonstration method, Lecture method, Teaching of science


Science plays a pivotal role in our life. Science is one of the most important channels of knowledge. Students’ achievement in this subject at all levels of education had been consistently poor. In an attempt to seek solution to this problem this study determined the effect of lecture and demonstration method in the teaching of science at elementary level in Haveli Kahuta AJ&K. The objective of the study was to find out achievements scores of elementary students in the subject of science with demonstration and lecture method. The study adopted an experimental design. The participants of the study were students of class 8th of Govt. Girls High school Haveli Kahuta, for conducting the experiment, the investigator used pre-test and post-test comparison group design. Two groups were made to conduct this study i.e experimental group and control group. Experimental group was taught by demonstration method (18 students) and control group was taught by lecture method (18 students). 100 items (MCQs) were made for data collection and data were analyzed using t-test at a significant level of 0.05. 100 Items were same for both groups (Pre-test, post-test). The findings of the study revealed a significant difference in the mean scores of the students and a significant difference was noted between control group and experimental group. Results obtained revealed that student’s performance better science when taught using demonstration method than when lecture method was used. It was therefore, recommended that the demonstration method be used with confidence to teach science at elementary level.


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How to Cite

Kayani, S. L., Lateef, A., Ishaque, F., & Rabi, G. (2024). Investigating the Efficacy of Lecture and Demonstration Methods on Teaching of Science at Elementary Level in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Competitive Education Research Journal, 5(1), 96–107. Retrieved from